Loganberry - one of raspberry-blackberry hybrids
Genetics consider such hybrids a very promising direction in the breeding of these crops, believing that new varieties inherit high yields, unpretentiousness to soil and cultivation conditions from blackberries, and its winter hardiness and low thorniness of stems from raspberries.
Description of Loganberry
One of the versions of the origin of the Loganberry hybrid is as follows: Judge Logan (USA) in the garden grew blackberry varieties Auginbaug next to the old raspberry variety Red Antwerp. Logan sowed once the seeds of the berries of one of the "parents" and thus received hybrid seedlings. Of these, later hybrids with the largest red berry were selected, which were quickly spread among gardeners.
Then new hybrid plants appeared - Boyzen blackberry (Boyzenova berry), Young blackberry (Young berry), etc., which were also named after their breeders. The most famous of them is considered to be the Teybury variety (Thay berry) obtained in England (readers should remember this variety). In Russia, at the very beginning of the 20th century, I.V. was engaged in the creation of new raspberry-blackberry varieties. Michurin.
Logan berry really combines economically useful signs of raspberries and blackberries. Positive signs of the variety are the absence of thorns, larger and more delicious berries, high productivity, sufficient winter hardiness, and, importantly for garden designers, high decorative qualities. In Russia, this plant is still found only in areas of amateur gardeners.
Logan berry forms sprawling bushes with arched stems reaching a height of 1.5–2.0 m and requiring garters on trellises. It is recommended that trellises be made in such a way that after harvesting from the bushes they can be laid on the ground together with the bushes and thus facilitate the shelter from the frost of this crop.
Loganberry blooms in our middle lane in mid-June and blooms for a month and a half. During flowering, the plant is very decorative: brushes, consisting of 15-20 large pale pink flowers, stand out very clearly against the background of beautiful dark green leaves. And in the period of fruiting, against the background of leaves, the large berries of this plant look spectacular.
Loganberry berries ripen from mid-August until the frost. Such a ripened berry ripening in time is quite suitable for amateur gardeners. The very first berries are large (up to 10 g), elongated, shiny and very sweet. From one bush you can collect up to 10 kg of berries. True, some gardeners attribute such a crop to the Taber variety, and from the Loganberry variety they collect a more modest crop - 4-5 kg from the bush.
In addition to good taste and useful nutrients - sugars, organic acids, biologically active elements: iron, calcium, sulfur, phosphorus and others - the fruits of loganberry also have medicinal properties. They are used both fresh and for making jam, jelly, stewed fruit, juices, they make excellent assortments with apples or strawberries. It seems that the wine from Logan berry would also be wonderful, so it’s worth a try, especially with regard to the preparation of blending wines.
This culture does not form root offspring, therefore, it cannot be propagated with their help. Logan berries are propagated by rooting vertical annual shoots, lignified and green cuttings of annual shoots, as well as seeds.
Propagation of loganberry seeds
Note that seed propagation requires certain skills from gardeners. Loganberry seeds are primarily selected. To do this, they need to be poured with water in a glass jar, mix and select only the settled seeds, throwing the rest.
The selected seeds are dried and stored in the tray of the refrigerator freezer (at a temperature of plus 1-5 degrees.). In the period January-February, the seeds are laid for stratification (from 3 to 5 months). To do this, it is advised to place them in a nylon pad with wet sand, and the latter - in a container with wet sawdust or moss, which should be constantly kept moist. A tampon with seeds and sand should be slightly kneaded periodically.
In April, loganberry seeds can be sown in a box with loose and moist soil. The top layer of this soil with a thickness of 3-5 cm is recommended to cover with a substrate consisting of a mixture of sand and peat in a ratio of 1: 2. Seeds are planted to a depth of 1.0-1.5 cm. The box is placed in a warm place, closed with glass or film, and after emergence (after 10-15 days) - on the windowsill.
It is clear that at this time seedlings need regular watering and top dressing with universal fertilizer (the last - every 15 days). In late May – early June seedlings, which by this time reach a height of 10–15 cm, can be planted in a summer greenhouse. As soon as the seedlings resume their growth (after 10-15 days), the film on one side of the greenhouse can be removed.
Pits for planting loganberry seedlings at a permanent place are prepared in the fall. Their depth is about 40 cm, diameter is 50 cm. They are filled with rotted manure together with the earth. Superphosphate, wood ash, dolomite flour, sand and peat are added to this mixture. All this is thoroughly mixed, filled with water and left until spring. In the spring of May, seedlings are transplanted to the places prepared for planting, observing all existing rules for ordinary seedlings.
In the fall, the grown bushes of a loganberry should be protected from frost. This is not difficult to do, because they are easily pressed to the ground, and quite a lot of affordable methods of shelter are known in our time.
Propagation of loganberry by rooting or cuttings
It is much easier to propagate loganberry by rooting the tops of annual shoots or by lignified and green cuttings.
When plants are planted in a permanent place, they keep a distance of 1 m between them, and between rows of 1.5–2 m. As already noted, it is advisable to place the branches of this plant on a trellis (1.5 m high), structurally designed so that in autumn, it could be “laid” together with bushes on the ground to shelter from frost. Immediately after planting, the seedlings are shortened to a height of 25 cm, be sure to water and mulch the circles of the neck. In the future, the plant is monitored, shoots that have fallen away and become diseased (which is rare) are removed, and in autumn the bushes are bent to the ground and covered.
For those gardeners who want to go the simpler way, having bought seedlings of loganberry, we inform (because they ask): it is easy to do this by typing the relevant keywords on the Internet in order to reach the necessary online stores. And the time for the purchase of seedlings is now the most suitable.
Other varieties of loganberry
- Ezemalin Tabberry refers to very productive varieties. The bush is prickly, creeping. Berry when ripening is dark red, large, elongated.
- Boysenberry (Boysenova berry) has a creeping bush. There are two forms of this plant - with thorns and without thorns. Oval-shaped berries, large, cherry-brown in color, taste sweet and sour, have a blackberry flavor.
- Texas (variety bred by Michurin by selection from Loganberry seedlings). The shoots at the bush are long up to 5 m, the bush itself is prickly, creeping. Berries up to 10-12 g, elongated, raspberry. The berries taste sweet and sour with a raspberry flavor. This variety is considered more resistant to frost than Loganberry, but still requires a little shelter.
- Tummelberry It is a seedling of the variety Tiberberry. The bush is prickly. The variety is more resistant to frost than Tyberry. The berries are large, elongated, red.
- Marionberry considered a standard of taste among the varieties of ezemalin
- Youngberry recalls the Boysenberry variety, but the berry is finer.
- Darrow refers to erect varieties of hedgehog. Releases stems up to 3 m in length. The bush is prickly, resistant to frost - can withstand frosts up to 34 ° C. Five-year bush gives up to 10 kg of crop. The berries weigh 3.5–4 g, taste sweet and sour, oblong, black with gloss. The leaves are very decorative, finger-shaped. The variety is unpretentious, can grow in one place up to ten years.
- Black satin is a non-studded variety, resistant to frost up to minus 22 ° С. In the middle zone of Russia, it can overwinter under cover of leaves. The berries are black, glossy, rounded in shape, more juicy than other varieties. An adult bush gives up to 5-6 kg of crop.
There are other hybrids of Yezemalin, for example, Santyamova blackberry, Silvan, Olalie (olallia berry), Chehal.