Chemysh - the original competitor of spire
The graceful bend of the shoots of a unique compact shrub originating from the Transcaucasia and Central Asia of the silver louse makes it one of the most spectacular alternatives to the favorite of all gardeners, the spirea. But this shrub is able to surprise not only with unique silhouettes. The abundant flowering, unusual shape of flowers and fruits, silver foliage and delicate shoots turn the box into one of the most spectacular tools in the arsenal of a landscape designer. And although it is still difficult to attribute to the most popular species, it still deserves much more distribution and attention. Its vaccination for acacia allows you to successfully grow this plant with the status of the southern, even in the middle zone.
- Indiscreet appearance of a halimodendron
- Use of a bowl in the design of the garden
- Conditions Required by a Champion
- Halimodendron Landing
- Features of caring for your skin
- Halimodendron wintering
- Pest and Disease Control
Indiscreet appearance of a halimodendron
The modest folk name Chemysh does not characterize this unique shrub. The botanical name halimodendron is much more suitable for a plant in which the beauty of the crown is not inferior to flowering. The genus received this name in honor of the Greek "halimos" and "dendron", which in translation can be interpreted as "salt tree".
Other popular nicknames - Chingil, Schengil or Chemil - are less common today. In the West, the bush is known as ‘Russian salt tree’ and in many countries it has the status of a dangerous weed because of its ability to quickly capture territories in a warm climate. This plant is one of the relatively rare species in the garden in the category of ornamental cultures of the legume family.
To the genus Chingil, Chemysh, Shengil, or Halimodendron (Halimodendron) includes one single plant - Chingil (Chemysh, shengil) silver (Halimodendron halodendron) This is one of the most beautiful medium-sized shrubs, known both in nature and in garden culture. The root system is very powerful, breaking up.
The achieved height of the bushes is only 2 m. This thorny shrub forms amazingly beautiful silhouettes of thin, inclined shoots, it grows in breadth. The beauty of the arcuate, elongated, surprisingly elegant branches of the shrimp is expressed no less than that of your favorite garden spira.
This plant looks like an architectural accent, adds beautiful lines and complex graphics even to modest landscape ensembles. It is thanks to the crown drawing that the mouse looks so romantic and modern. Their branches, despite their straightforwardness, are located quite densely, forming dense thickets.
Chemysh belongs to the fastest growing garden shrubs. It has a pronounced pricklyness (spikes up to 6 cm long), which allows it to be used to create protective landings. The bark on the plant is gray, with time it cracks.
The foliage of a lady-dog seems to be silvery-green, gray due to the dense pubescence with silky hairs, which give it velvety. It captivates not only with a metallic effect, but also with a beautiful shape. Unpaired pinnate, complex, consisting of 1-3 small oval lobes with a spike at the end, the leaves of this plant reach just a little more than 3 cm in length and give the louse the effect of openwork greenery, reminiscent of something about acacia and bobovnik.
In autumn, plants change the usual silver outfit to gold colors, standing out with a yellow-green crown against the background of crimson competitors. Each leaf has two prickly styloid stipules.
Flowering than inimitable. Moth, fragrant flowers bloom in sparse axillary umbrellas of inflorescences in such a quantity that they look like elegant ruffles and often hide a bush underneath. The complex shape is only emphasized by an unusual color with watercolor transitions in soft pink or light purple tones. Halimodendron blooms in June and July, being one of the most original summer shrubs.
After flowering, the show on the halimodendron continues. Very large, from 2 to 3 cm bloated oval beans of brown-yellow color are formed from the ovaries of flowers, which, due to their weight, hang down from the shoots and form a peculiar necklace or fringe on the bush. Usually the fruits are several times larger than the fractions of leaves, which only makes them more catchy and spectacular. Olive green seeds are hidden inside the beans. It is believed that the fruits of this plant fully ripen in August-September, but not every year the plant bears fruit in the middle lane.
It is worth paying attention to such a decorative form of this plant, emblazoned with more spectacular pink-red flowers - a magnificent and today very popular purpurea form.
Halimodendron is grown in two separate forms, which differ from each other in the degree of frost resistance and exactingness:
- Classic shrubs are no different from natural bushes, are undemanding, relatively hardy and very easy to grow.
- More fashionable and spectacular standard forms are characterized by much lower frost resistance and greater moodiness.
When choosing bush and, especially, standard plants, it is necessary to carefully choose a stock. Overwintering in the middle lane with protection for the winter will only be able to vaccinate on the yellow acacia. Such a stock allows the plant not only to withstand severe frosts well, but also to develop more actively and grow faster. In height, such a champion is able to reach 2 meters.
Use of a bowl in the design of the garden
The possibility of using halimodendron in landscape design is directly affected by the form of its cultivation. Ordinary bushy halimodendrons are plants as versatile as spirea. In fact, these are the only competitors of the latter who are able to compete with them in terms of decorativeness and abundance of flowering, the beauty of details and the inimitable architecture of branches.
Chemish can be used both as a soloist and in a wide variety of groups. It perfectly manifests itself as a flowering shrub for creating hedges, in landscape group plantings, at the edge of the forest, as a major emphasis on flower beds and discounts. You can use it in the design of rocky gardens.
But the standardized halimodendrons are pronounced soloists. They are used either as piece accents, architectural elements that play the role of visual "traps", or in small, very catchy group compositions. Place such a bag in the most winning places in the garden.
Halimodendron is one of the most productive honey plants, massively attracting all honey plants.
Conditions Required by a Champion
In a shrubby form, the bulb is a plant, not demanding on the composition of soils, their fertility and alkaline reaction. This plant feels great even in urban conditions, is not afraid of places adjacent to noisy polluted streets, it can even be used to plant a hedge along the tracks.
Stem plants are somewhat more demanding, they develop better in soils with at least average fertility, but they also perfectly adapt to almost any loose soil. Bulb can be grown, including on sandy, saline, and other problematic soil types. This shrub can be used for rocky soil, decoration rockeries and rock gardens. Only wetlands are not suitable for this plant.
But the lighting for the champion must be provided as bright as possible. This shrub will bloom abundantly only in the most lit areas (in partial shade it will create a beautiful crown, but you can’t wait for it to bloom and bear fruit). You can safely place the bushes in the hottest southern locations or in other places with good lighting.
This shrub does not like transplants and negatively even relates to carrying it to new soil at a very young age. A rapidly developing and powerful root system covers amazing areas and cannot boast of a compact size, any measures for transferring to a new place even in the youngest cubs can lead to the death of the plant. Therefore, it is most often not planted, but sown at the place of cultivation, previously loosening and spilling the soil with water.
Grafted onto other plants, obtained by vegetative propagation, and the standard boletus must be planted in large, spacious pits. The introduction of organic matter into the soil is welcome. It is better to use seedlings in containers without destroying the earthen lump around the rhizome, and when planting with an open root system, pre-soak. The rest of the transplant is standard.
Features of caring for your skin
The ease of care for this shrub will delight any gardener. This plant is extremely drought tolerant when grown even on sandy or rocky soils; it does not need watering at all. And the rest of the care of the plant actually comes down to the removal of root shoots as needed to limit the distribution of shrubs. Fertilizers growing even on poor soil are not needed by the grasshopper, but they have a positive effect on flowering (a single feeding with organic or mineral fertilizers at the end of spring is enough).
Shrub bugs do not need pruning. But the standard plants require timely removal of the emerging stem and root shoots produced by stock. Fortunately, acacia shoots are removed quite easily. But this doesn’t mean at all that you cannot cut the chemp at all or that it does not tolerate a haircut: if desired, you can form bushes, hold back and even try to achieve more abundant flowering by pruning up to half of the shoots after leaf fall. With a loss of decorativeness, the shrub can be rejuvenated by strong pruning.
Winter hardiness is the most controversial moment in the cultivation of the bear. This plant is suitable for the European part of Russia and all southern regions, but few decide to grow it in the middle lane. Any shampoo grafted on yellow acacia, which grows well with the lightest shelter for the winter, will not cause any trouble.
But even a simple ladybug, whose winter hardiness was not raised by vaccination for acacia, is able to withstand frosts to minus 28 degrees and feels great in zone 5a. Moreover, the freezing of young shoots and branches does not affect the decorativeness of rapidly developing plants, the bushes are perfectly restored. To prepare for winter, it is enough to mulch the soil and spud the base of the bush with dry leaves.
It will help to winter winter than the additional shelter from the snow. You should not be afraid of this plant and myths about its inappropriateness to the middle lane, since the halimodendron is still able to surprise with much more resistance than is expected from it.
Pest and Disease Control
Chumysh is completely resistant to garden pests, and it rarely suffers from typical garden diseases. Only with the neglected state of planting in the neighborhood is there a risk of the spread of fungal infections, which biological products can easily cope with.
Without exception, all varieties of the creeper, including standard ones, are prone to the formation of abundant root shoots. Due to the powerful root system and the active release of lateral offspring, this shrub is quite easy to propagate by simple vegetative methods. But the process itself is significantly complicated by the fact that the lad does not like transplants, and for rooting, obtaining persistent specimens from the root shoot, they must be grafted onto other shrubs.
Usually specimens of yellow acacia are used that give the most decorative forms and improve the speed of development of the bush. The same grafts require cuttings. Often, the double vaccination method is used for this plant, at the beginning grafting yellow acacia on the roots of robinia, and only then grafting halimodendron on the yellow acacia shoot. But you can get by with a simple vaccination.
The bulb can be propagated by seeds, and information about the technique of sowing seeds varies. According to most experts, plant seeds require because of the hardness of the shells either pickling in acid for 1 hour, or processing with boiling water and scarification - pricking of the seed shell with a needle. But some gardeners indicate that seeds sprout very quickly even without such procedures.
It is advisable to sow the seeds of the mouse directly to a permanent place of cultivation. Seedling method is not permissible: the plant does not tolerate transplants. Seeds are buried in previously spilled soil. The best sowing time is spring.