Enotera - “Queen of the Night”
Enothera, or Oenothera (Oenothera), is a numerous genus of the Cyprian family, which contains more than 100 species of biennials and perennials, low and tall plants with silk white, pink, often yellow and less often blue flowers. They unfold later in the evening, when the sun sets, and turn into colorful flowers, breathing pleasant freshness. In just a few seconds, the bush is covered with bright flowers, as if burning in the dark. For this feature, evening primrose is often called the "night candle" or "queen of the night."
Her flowers do not last long, by the next day they will fade, but in the evening they will be replaced by many new ones. In cloudy weather, evening primrose can bloom during the day, but for flower growers it will still remain a “night-colored” plant.
The most popular evening primrose in culture
- Enotera beautiful (Oenothera speciosa);
- Enoter Drummond (Oenothera drummondii);
- Oenothera tetragona);
- Enothera biennial (Oenothera biennis);
- Enothera of Missouri (Oenothera missouriensis);
- Enothera stemless (Oenothera acaulis).
These evening primrose are undemanding to lighting and soil. With the help of stunted evening primrose, you can create beautiful garden compositions, and from tall tall unique and original bouquets. An important condition for the full development of the plant is good soil permeability, but without stagnation of water, which often leads to decay of the leaf rosette and death of the flower. Watering should be carried out only in dry weather, when the land near the flower is completely dry.
Florists most often grow biennial varieties of evening primrose, which in the southern regions grow as perennials. From the seeds sown in the first year, a rosette of leaves is formed, and flowering and fruiting occurs only in the second year.
Evening primrose reproduction
Evening primrose is propagated by the vegetative (dividing the bush) method, by seed methods and by self-seeding very quickly. A plant left unattended in just a few years can become a fairly aggressive neighbor for a number of growing garden flowers. To avoid unwanted self-seeding, it is necessary to systematically remove faded and decorative flowers.
Planting evening primrose seed
Seeds in garden soil are sown in the spring (April-May) and in the fall (in October). They are embedded in moist soil, previously dug up to a depth of 20 cm and fertilized with humus with the addition of nitrophoska.
Care of seedlings consists in systematic watering and cultivation. In autumn, shoots are pruned to the root. Although evening primrose is readable by a rather frost-resistant plant, it is better to sprinkle it with compost, peat or a leaf layer for at least 4-6 cm in winter.
Evening primrose cultivation seedlings
In order to get a flowering plant in the first year, seeds should be sown in seedlings in February or March. In May, the grown plants are transplanted into the garden land for a permanent place, maintaining an interval between them of 50-70 cm.
Evening Primrose Care
During the summer period, superphosphate is added to the soil in a tablespoon per square meter. centimeter. When flowering begins, add a spoonful of potassium sulfate, fertilizer “Drop” or a couple of spoons of wood ash. After making the additives, the earth is watered abundantly (approximately a bucket of water per square meter).
Evening primrose transplantation is relatively easy, therefore, if necessary, it can be transplanted in blooming form.