"Crispy, green maple, carved leaf ..."
Maple is a common plant in Russia and Belarus, although pure maple trees are found only in very small areas, in Bashkiria, for example. Two species naturally grow in Belarus. Maples are widely used for landscaping cities, because in the fall they are extremely decorative because of the bright color of the foliage. In total, about twenty species of maple are recommended for landscaping, but in practice, five to six species are grown for this purpose.
© Bruce Marlin
Most often, Tatar maple (Acer tataricum) and ash maple (Acer negundo), highly decorative woody plants with yellowing foliage, are used in landscaping. Less well known is the Ginnala maple (Acer ginnala), which is a small bush up to 6 meters tall with dark green foliage. In early autumn, the leaves of this species acquire an intense crimson color, which stands out well against the background of the lawn. Almost the same bright autumn and foliage of the red-leaved form of acutifolia maple (Acer platanoides) - Crimson King. But Japanese maples (Acer japonicum) and cuneiform (Acer Palmatum), whose homeland is Japan, Korea and China, are especially attractive. These species are sometimes frozen in the winter, they can be grown in large tubs, insulated for the winter.
Maples prefer sunny places, humus-rich neutral soil. Stagnant water is undesirable for them. Trees are propagated by sowing seeds in the winter, and garden forms are vegetative, half-lignified cuttings are cut in March, and green cuttings are carried out in June. It is better to root June cuttings in conditions of artificial fog, in any case, when rooting, it will not be superfluous to use growth stimulants.
Application in landscape design.
In autumn, the yellow foliage of the Tatar maple goes well with the crimson leaves of Thunberg barberry and solidago, the last of which is the Ginnal maple. Good combinations of maple (holly and ginnal) with euonymus. Crimson King maple goes well with Bessey cherry. Their foliage is of a contrasting color. In addition, lower cherry trunks cover maple trunks. Japanese maples are used in rockeries and alpine slides. Plant growth is regulated by pruning.