How to save cut flowers
Summer. It is unlikely that anyone will stand and not bring, for example, a charming bouquet of freshly cut flowers from a summer residence. Put in a vase, rejoice and sigh sadly: "It is a pity that the beauty of such a bouquet is not durable." And you need to start with a flower cut.
In most species, flowers are cut with scissors or a knife. The tool must be sharp to avoid splitting or tearing of plant tissues and fibers. An angle cut is preferable to a straight line.
Regardless of the region and time of year, there is a certain period of the day with the most suitable conditions for cutting flowers. They should be collected in the early morning or evening hours, at which time the aboveground part of the plants has complete turgor. In addition, pruning should be avoided in high winds, as plants quickly dehydrate under such conditions. It is best to place the bouquet in a bright, not hot, well-ventilated room.
Cut flowers put in clean water. It can be cold if you want to delay the full disclosure of flowers. Warm water speeds up the opening of buds. Usually the water is changed every 2-3 days, in the summer-daily.
Currently, there are many drugs that help prolong the freshness of cut flowers. Some are simply preservatives that inhibit the vital activity of bacteria, while others, in addition to preservatives, contain nutrients.
Sugar is often added to water for flowers. The disadvantage is that with an excess of sucrose, bacteria multiply rapidly and their mass blocks the conducting vessels of the stems, which prevents the flower from absorbing water. Therefore, when sugar is added to the water, antiseptic substances are introduced. Preparations specially designed to extend the life of bouquets also have a bactericidal effect, that is, they prevent the growth of bacteria.
As preservatives, you can use home remedies. Before pouring water, a few drops of lemon juice are dripped to the bottom of the vase, an aspirin tablet or a teaspoon of crushed activated carbon is placed.
For roses and flowers with a lignified stem, the slice should be updated. Better to do it in water. This operation can be repeated when the rose begins to "bow its head" or the leaves wilt. Another way to revive beginners to fade roses is to wrap the bouquet in a wet newspaper, and gently wrap it on top with polyethylene and let it stand for 3-4 hours in a cool place in a horizontal position. The stems from which the milky juice is secreted (for example, euphorbia) are dipped in boiling water immediately after cutting. In this case, the juice ceases to stand out, which contributes to the absorption of water.
Most types of cut flowers, with leaves and ferns can be freely combined into bouquets. However, there are a number of species, for example daffodils, which cannot be combined with others, since their stems secrete substances that prevent other flowers from opening. The combination of flowers and fruits should be avoided. The latter emit ethylene, accelerating the life cycle of plants.