Red Ardisia Necklace
Indoor mountain ash, viburnum or currant - as soon as they call ardisia. This amazing exotic from the category of evergreen indoor plants attracts not with flowering, and not even with an impressive thick crown, but with berries. But thanks to them ardiziya turns into a luxurious decoration of the entire interior.
The exquisite and catchy necklace of round berries on this beauty is worth all the efforts that have to be spent on care. It is not so easy to grow ardisia, but it can not be ranked among the most capricious plants.
Get to know a berry soloist
Ardisia are quite compact plants both in nature and in room culture. Evergreen shrubs with a very dense crown reach from 50 cm to 1 m, but more often more squat. The leaves of ardisia are very beautiful, leathery and glossy, elegant lanceolate-oval in shape with a slightly wavy edge.
They are located on the shoots in turn, and at the ends are assembled in pretty pseudo-whorls. Color - dark, saturated green. Thanks to the luster, the crown seems slightly gray. But the main feature of the greenery of this plant is the presence at the edge of the blistering sheet with nitrogen-fixing bacteria, which in no case can be touched and cut off.
Flowering ardisia is almost nondescript. Inconspicuous, modest flowers will not attract rapt attention. Small and pale pinkish, they are collected in umbrellas of inflorescences and just precede the main show. Ardizia blooms in the summer, in June-August.
The main pride of Ardisia is a luxurious necklace of berries. It was not by chance that this shrub earned the title of the main berry exot: no other plants have such spectacular fruits as the ardisia. But even the number of berries and their beauty fade compared with unprecedented resistance: the berry necklace will last on this shrub for up to six months, and sometimes longer.
The period of maximum decorativeness at Ardizia covers the coldest time of the year and lasts from August to March. Fruits are formed traditionally in October-November, sometimes a little later, and just reach the greatest attractiveness for the New Year and Christmas holidays.
Lighting for ardisia in room culture
Ardizia, like most evergreen crops, is not very demanding on lighting. She does not like direct sunlight, which affects the attractiveness of the crown and is content with any bright location.
Stable lighting is the key to long-term preservation of berries on the plant. In winter, it is better to move the ardisia closer to the light source or to illuminate the plant specially: the amount of light entering for this berry beauty should remain unchanged.
Ardizia does not like drafts
Despite its strong and impregnable appearance, ardiziya is not at all as hardy as we would like. This plant does not like drafts and streams of cold air, it must be protected from sharp fluctuations in temperature. The more stable the conditions at the place of cultivation of ardisia, the better.
Temperature regime for a berry soloist
Ardizia is quite comfortable to grow in cool room conditions. It reaches the greatest decorativeness (and the greatest fruitfulness) in the summer mode from 18 to 20 degrees of air and in the winter mode several degrees lower - from 16 to 18 degrees. Ardisia does not like heat and it invariably affects the number of berries. But during the period of active development it will be completely reconciled with traditional room temperatures.
To compensate for the heat, it is necessary to ensure ardizii greater air humidity and good ventilation of the premises (but without drafts). But in the period of relative rest for this evergreen shrub, try to choose the coolest places in the house.
Humidity, comfortable for ardiziya
A very important parameter for growing ardisia is to ensure high air humidity. The minimum acceptable indicators for this evergreen shrub are 60%. Fortunately, maintaining a comfortable performance for this roomy beauty is easy enough.
Ardizia gratefully responds both to the installation of air humidifiers (both special devices and trays with wet pebbles, expanded clay, moss), and to regular spraying as the main measure of air humidification. The only “but”: after the beginning of flowering and during the ripening of the fruit, you can not spray the plant. But as soon as the berries turn red and fully formed, you can resume the usual procedures.
Care for ardisia at home
Watering for ardizia
Ardizia watering is fairly standard. Maintaining a constant level of substrate moisture is the main task of gardeners. Ardizia loves stable growing conditions and in terms of humidity, and it is the maintenance of light moisture that is the most difficult moment.
Ardisia do not like either the drying out of the soil or its overmoistening. Each subsequent procedure should be carried out only after the topsoil has dried up. It is better to immediately drain the water after irrigation from the pan.
Watering is adjusted seasonally. In spring and summer, they should be plentiful and more frequent, in winter they are reduced, and the humidity of the substrate is brought to less than what your ardizia is used to.
Pay attention to the water: for this plant, it must be soft, always defended. Never water the ardizia with too cold water: its temperature should be equal to the temperature of the air around the plant.
Dressings for ardisia
Ardizia need a standard feeding scheme - from March to September. Universal fertilizer mixtures for indoor plants are suitable for them. You do not need to create an excess of nutrients, so it is better to feed with reduced doses, but often - every week or 2 weeks.
For this evergreen beauty, pruning is reduced to the formation of a crown. Overstretched shoots knocking out of the silhouette are cut off in early spring, at the first sign of resumption of growth and before transplantation. It is better not to do too strong pruning - slightly shorten the twigs or pinch the ends.
Pollination of flowers
Ardizia is the plant that forms the largest number of berries only with outside help or when grown in pairs and groups. To achieve the most active fruiting, pollinate flowers with a brush after flowering ardisia with a brush, and after a few months you will see that the plant will form much more berries.
Substrate: nutritious and loose, based on peat with an obligatory admixture of sand (preferably river). Pay attention to the acidity of the soil: Ardisia needs a slightly acidic or neutral earth mixture.
It is better to transplant Ardisia not with a certain frequency, but according to need only when the previous capacity becomes too close to it (the roots will completely cover the earthen lump). They are transplanted in the spring, at the beginning of active growth.
It is necessary to carry out transplantation very carefully: in ardisia, symbiosis is not only with bacteria on the leaves, but also with fungi living on the roots. In order not to damage endomycrosis, you need to carefully reload the plant, keep most of the earthen coma intact and in no case damage the root tissue.
Capacities for ardisia are needed spacious, effective, in height greater than in width, preferably with a glossy surface. A powerful layer of drainage is necessarily laid at the bottom of the pots.
Pests and diseases
- scale insects;
- spider mite;
- fungal diseases.
- insecticides or fungicides;
- correction of care (for example, with chlorosis, it is necessary to use iron-containing fertilizers).
Problems of development of ardisia
Caused by improper care or selection of conditions:
- drying of the edges of leaves with low humidity, active drafts, improper watering;
- loss of leaf color and the appearance of dry spots in direct sunlight;
- the appearance of brown spots with excessive watering or fungal infections;
- too soft, curled leaves at low temperatures or temperature extremes.
Ardisia propagation methods
Propagation berries are harvested in January, using only fruits with a diameter of up to 1 cm. After removing soft tissues, the bone is washed and planted in a moist nutrient substrate to a depth of 1 cm. If you want to speed up the process, slightly cut hard bones and soak them for 2-3 hours in growth stimulants.
After planting, the crops must be covered with a cap - glass or film. Ardisia will germinate only at a temperature of 18-20 degrees or slightly higher. Small shoots must not be touched. Only when they grow and get stronger do they need to be planted in single pots and grown for 2-3 years, after which they should be transplanted into containers usual for ardizia.
A very complex and industrially applied method that requires strict control of conditions. The rooting of the tops of shoots is possible only in the range from 24 to 28 degrees Celsius, in small individual pots and requires the brightest lighting and a very long time. As you grow, you can’t pinch young plants: ardisia should form a crown on their own.
Ardizia in the interior
This berry exot is ideal for the role of a cheerful accent, a solo soloist. Ardizia looks good:
- in the kitchen or dining room;
- in the decor of the dining table and bar;
- as a plant decorating meals;
- as a single, window sill decoration, separated from other plants;
- in seasonal autumn and winter decor, when its bright red berries literally transform the room;
- in interiors with a focus on orange and red colors.